Signs of Stress in Children and Teens

Dr. Michele Borba November 19, 2013 2
Signs of Stress in Children and Teens

REALITY CHECK: Reports say that stress is mounting in our children, and that we parents are often unaware of just how stressed our kids are.

Each child handles and shows stress differently. A big key to helping our children is learning to recognize their unique signs, which type of events or issues cause angst, and then teach healthy ways to manage stress. 

Stress: A Top Kid Health Concern

The American Psychological Association (APA) released troubling survey results about our kids. The “Stress in America” surveyed 1206 young people ages eight to seventeen as well as 1568 adults conducted by Harris Interactive. The report, building on past research, revealed that stress is a top health concern for American teens between 9th and 12th grade.

Keep in mind that this study was done prior to tragedies of the Sandy Hook School shooting as well as in malls and theaters, hurricanes and the storm Sandy which have all transpired in the past few weeks and days. Among key study findings is this:

Parents underestimate the extent of their kids’ stress.” 

The big red flag for parents and educators to keep in mind: Our kids are much more stressed than we think. Here are just a few telling signs: 

~ 31% of parents say their child has little or no stress vs. 9% of kids report little or no stress

~ Tweens (30 percent) and teens (42 percent) say they get headaches vs. 13 percent of parents

~ Tweens (39 percent) and teens (49 percent) cite difficulty sleeping vs. 13 percent of parents

~ Tweens (27 percent) and teens (39 percent) report eating too much or too little vs. 8 percent of parents

What’s more, tweens and teens were far more likely than their parents to report that their stress levels had increased in the last year. Nearly half of all teens (ages 13 to 17) said they were more worried than last year, while only 28% of their parents thought their adolescent’s stress had increased.

So what else is causing our kids to be so stressed? Here is what the kids say:

  • 44% of young people say doing well in school was a source of stress
  • 30% of young people worry about their family having enough money
  • 29% of teens say they worry about getting into a good college or deciding what to do after high school
  • 22% of tweens worry about getting along with friends

If the survey were done today I’m sure we’d see “severe weather” and “shootings” added to the list. 

Psychologists also say that if teens don’t learn healthy ways to manage their stress now, it could have serious long-term health implications.

Research finds that between 8 and 10 percent of American children and teens are seriously troubled by stress symptoms. And stress is also hitting our children at younger ages.

If left untreated stress not only affects children’s friendships as well as school success, but also their physical and emotional well-being. Chronic stress symptoms break down children’s immune system as well as increasing their likelihood for depression.

Stress Signs in Kids and Teens

Each kid responds differently. The key is to identify your child’s physical behavioral or emotions signs before he is on overload. A clue is to look for behaviors that are not typical for your child “normal.” Here are a few of the most common stress signs. Is your child displaying any of these symptoms? What else? Could it be stress related?

Physical Stress Signs

  • Headache, neck aches and backaches
  • Nausea, diarrhea, constipation, stomachache, vomiting
  • Shaky hands, sweaty palms, feeling shaky, lightheadedness
  • Bedwetting
  • Trouble sleeping, nightmares
  • Change in appetite
  • Stuttering
  • Frequent colds, fatigue

Emotional or Behavior Stress Signs

  • New or reoccurring fears; anxiety and worries
  • Trouble concentrating; frequent daydreaming
  • Restlessness or irritability
  • Social withdrawal, unwilling to participate in school or family activities
  • Moodiness; sulking; or inability to control emotions
  • Nail biting; hair twirling; thumb-sucking; fist clenching; feet tapping
  • Acting out, anger, aggressive behaviors such as tantrums, disorderly conduct
  • Regression or baby-like behaviors
  • Excessive whining or crying
  • Clinging, more dependent, won’t let you out of his sight

 

What To Expect By Stages and Ages 

Preschool

Kids as young as three years of age experience stress but it can go unnoticed because preschoolers can’t put their feelings into words. Pay closer attention your child’s stress symptoms.

Stressors include: new things; dogs, monsters, spiders, being sucked down a drain; abandonment of any kind: being away from home, separation from parents or loved ones, being kidnapped.

School Age

Stressors include: Performing in front of others (like a speech, recital or sporting event); tests, grades and school; bedwetting; being chosen last on any team, getting along with peers; real world dangers: fires, burglars, illness, storms; disappointing their parents.

Kids younger than ten are especially vulnerable to repeated stress.

Preteen and Teen

Stressors include: Grades, school and homework; taking on too many activities; negative thoughts and feelings about themselves; moving or changing schools; family pressure, arguing, financial problems, and tension; friends and peer acceptance; peer humiliation and pressure; gossip and teasing; worry about changing bodies, being different from others; letting their parents down.

If you suspect stress could be the cause of these symptoms then look for triggers that you can reduce. For instance: if you suspect scary nightly news could be a trigger then a simple solution is to turn it off!. If you child has no time to relax, then cut one of those activities. If the fear of flunking a math class is causing too much stress, then consider getting a tutor and calling for a teacher conference to create a remedy.

For More Help

But don’t stop there! The key message from the APA study is that our kids must also learn healthy ways to replace that stress. 

Turn to the chapter on STRESS in The Big Book of Parenting Solutions. You’ll find a complete section on research, more signs, stress triggers, and stress-reducers for preschoolers, school age children and tweens and teens. Choose the one strategy that you think will work best for your child. Whatever stress reducer you adopt, continue practicing the strategy together until your child can use the stress-reducer without you. At that point you’ll know your son or daughter has learned a life-long habit.

Dr. Michele Borba, Parenting Expert

For more parenting advice, follow me on twitter @MicheleBorba, go to my website, MicheleBorba or subscribe to my blog, Dr. Borba’s Reality Check.

Ideas from this blog were from my book, The Big Book of Parenting Solutions: 101 Answers to Your Everyday Challenges and Wildest Worries


2 Comments »

  1. Divorce to Happiness January 19, 2010 at 1:21 pm - Reply

    What great information. My 6 year old at the time we divorced began to have nightmares. And to this day I can tell when she is a little upset about something, she will begin to wake up again with nightmares.

    And recently my teenage son has started to have nightmares about his father being killed in an auto accident.

    I now know that these dreams are their worries coming out in their dreams. So I try to get them to talk and calm there fears, and tell them I will listen if they want to talk.

    I look forward to seeing you on the TODAY show. Thank you for all the wonderful help you are giving us parents on raising healthy happy children even after divorce.

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